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The Water Cycle

What is The Water Cycle For Kids

What is The Water Cycle for kids

What is The Water Cycle for kids

This page explains The Water Cycle for kids or younger adults.

The Water Cycle is the process by which water is transported from the sea to land and back to the sea again. The Water cycle is powered by the sun and has been happening for billions of years. Without the water cycle we would have no weather, no plants and a barren, lifeless planet.

 

How the Water Cycle Works for Kids

As i have said earlier the water cycle is powered by The Sun. It starts out at Sea when the suns warmth heats up the seawater. Eventually some of the seawater will evaporate and turn from a liquid into a gas – water vapor. This water vapor is what we see as a cloud –

 

What is The Water Cycle for kids 1 - cloud formation

What is The Water Cycle for kids 1 – cloud formation

 

This water vapor groups together and forms a cloud. This cloud is then pushed towards the Sea by an on-shore breeze. The onshore breeze is created because the land is hotter than the surrounding sea, when this happens the air above the land rises due to its heat and leaves a partial vacuum, the air from the sea is then drawn inland, this creates the onshore breeze –

What is The Water Cycle for kids 3 - cloud is blown onshore

What is The Water Cycle for kids 3 – cloud is blown onshore

 

When the cloud reaches land things begin to get interesting. Usually terrain near the coastline will start at sea level (the beach) and begin to rise as you move further inland. This causes the cloud to follow the height of the terrain –

What is The Water Cycle for kids 4 - the cloud reaches land

What is The Water Cycle for kids 4 – the cloud reaches land

 

When the cloud follows the terrain it is forced to rise. Higher up the air grows colder, cold air cannot hold the cloud in its water vapor state and the water begins to re-condense back into its liquid form and this makes – RAIN

 

What is The Water Cycle for kids 5 - Rain

What is The Water Cycle for kids 5 – Rain

 

 

Rain falls on the mountainside the vast majority of it will run straight back into the sea within a few hours/days through rivers or small tributaries –

What is The Water Cycle for kids 6 - rivers and waterways

What is The Water Cycle for kids 6 – rivers and waterways

 

To see where the minority or the water goes we need to cut a section through the mountainside as this will give us an internal view –

What is The Water Cycle for kids 7 - the groundwater system

What is The Water Cycle for kids 7 – the groundwater system

 

As you can see from the image below, some of the water is trapped in hollows in the mountain, these will act like miniature seas and their water may be evaporated by the sun and re-enter back into the water cycle as clouds which will fall as rain somewhere else.

What is The Water Cycle for kids 8 - lakes

What is The Water Cycle for kids 8 – lakes

Some of the water may also end up entering into the groundwater system, this is a series of underwater rivers, lakes, caves and caverns, all of which eventually return back to the sea –

What is The Water Cycle for kids 9 - caves and caverns

What is The Water Cycle for kids 9 – caves and caverns

 

Water that enters into the groundwater system can take up to 10,000 years to return back to the sea, it can even take one human lifetime for water here to travel a distance of 1 mile. Eventually though, all the water will return to the sea again and will begin the water cycle again by being evaporated by the sun –

What is The Water Cycle for kids 1 - cloud formation

What is The Water Cycle for kids 1 – cloud formation